Puerto Rican Island: Mapa de Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico is an island Puerto Rico in the northeastern Caribbean Sea, and a territory of the United States. Puerto Ricans call their island Borinquén, from a native word meaning “land of the brave lord.” It is one of five inhabited American territories with limited self-government. Puerto Rico’s population exceeds 3.4 million inhabitants (2010 census). The capital and largest city is San Juan.
Natives and Islands
It is unincorporated territory of the United States and Puerto Ricans are American citizens. The island’s inhabitants speak English as well as Spanish (co-official language) and other languages including French Creole and many others.
It is located in the northeast Caribbean Sea, east of the Dominican Republic and west of Haiti. Puerto Rico is one of two Caribbean islands that are not sovereign states (along with Trinidad).
The name Puerto Rico means “rich port” in Spanish. Like its position on many world maps suggests, Puerto Rico lies at a crucial location for trade between Europe and Asia.
Puerto Rico was populated by indigenous Taíno people, colonized by Spain on the arrival of Christopher Columbus. Puerto Rico is the smallest of the Greater Antilles, with an area of only 100 square miles (260 sq km).
The citizens of the Puerto Rico are disenfranchised at the national level that means they are not eligible to vote for the President and Vice President of the United States, and they do not have a voting member in Congress. Puerto Ricans are natural-born citizens of Puerto Rico (unless one or both parents were born outside Puerto Rico) with American citizenship if residing on the island.
Culture and Heritage
Puerto Rican culture is largely influenced by Spanish heritage, language, customs, and traditions. The dominant Spain culture has been the site of Puerto Rican cultural expressions. Puerto Rico has several other islands connected to the mainland which consists of Vieques, Culebra, Mona, Desecheo, and Caja de Muertos.
Climate and Environment
The environment around the island is considered to be of tropical rainforest. Puerto Rico is home to the Puerto Rican parrot, a subspecies of Amazonian parrots. It has mostly mountainous and Cretaceous to Eocene volcanic and plutonic rocks with tectonic plates that might cause earthquakes, tsunamis or any other natural calamity. Puerto Rico has a rural and agricultural economy which is heavily dependent on imports. The island’s climate, terrain, natural resources in terms of agriculture and fishing are mainly responsible for Puerto Ricans’ self-sufficiency or autonomy from the mainland United States.
Temperatures are warm to hot year round. Puerto Rico has a tropical climate with little seasonal variation. Puerto Rico is known as the “Island of Enchantment” or in Spanish, la isla del encanto.
It has three forest types primarily, Puerto Rican moist forests, Puerto Rican dry forests, and Greater Antilles mangroves. Puerto Rican moist forests are the most prevalent, and Puerto Rico hosts a unique biogeography of plants.
Occupation and Economy
The population of the island is mostly invested in some form of agriculture. Puerto Rico is the largest single producer of coffee in the world, and one-third of Puerto Ricans live in rural areas where they are engaged primarily in agricultural production.
It has adult literacy rate of 90.4% in 2012 as per the UN reports. San Juan has the country’s most population along with the sharing of highest Puerto Rican populations in the United States which is about 85% of Puerto Ricans live on or near the US mainland and major portions of Bayamón, Carolina, Ponce, and Caguas. Puerto
Rico is a self-governing unincorporated territory of the United States, Puerto Ricans are American citizens. It has been recognized as high income economy by the World Bank. Its economy is mainly driven by manufacturing, primarily pharmaceuticals, textiles, petrochemicals and electronics; followed by the service industry, primarily finance, insurance, real estate and tourism. Puerto Rico has been a member of the Organization of American States since 1953. Puerto Ricans have been US citizens since 1917, and Puerto Rico is under commonwealth status with its non-voting representative in Congress being granted a vote only on matters related to Puerto Rico’s internal security and public order.
Puerto Rico has some of the world’s amazing architectural and tourism sights that attract visitors from around the world. Puerto Rico is a small island filled with natural wonders, an intriguing history and kind people who will make you feel at home in no time!